The yeast Y' element is a highly polymorphic repetitive sequence present in the subtelomeric regions of many yeast telomeres. The Y' element is classed as either Y'-L or Y'-S, depending on its length. It has been reported that survivors arising from telomerase-deficient yeast mutants compensate for telomere loss by the amplification of Y' elements. The total Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome DNA data base was searched for Y' elements, and 11 Y'-Ls and eight Y'-Ss were identified. As reported previously, many of the sequences were found to contain long open reading frames which potentially encode helicase. We examined the expression of the Y' elements in telomerase-deficient Deltatlc1 survivors, in which the TLC1 gene encoding the yeast telomerase template RNA had been disrupted, and found that the Y' element is highly expressed in the survivors, but not in the wild-type cells. Moreover, we demonstrated that the survivors produce a Y'-encoded protein designated as Y'-Help1 (Y'-helicase protein 1), and that this protein possesses helicase activity. Therefore, we suggest that the Y' element has a novel and potentially important role in trans, in addition to the well characterized role in cis, in telomerase-independent telomere maintenance in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|