Flap endonuclease-1 (FEN-1), a structure specific nuclease, is an essential enzyme for eukaryotic DNA replication and repair. The crystal structure of FEN-1 from Methanococcus jannaschii, determined at 2.0 A resolution, reveals an active site with two metal ions residing on top of a deep cleft where several conserved acidic residues are clustered. Near the active site, a long flexible loop comprised of many basic and aromatic residues forms a hole large enough to accommodate the DNA substrate. Deletion mutations in this loop significantly decreased the nuclease activity and specificity of FEN-1, suggesting that the loop is critical for recognition and cleavage of the junction between single and double-stranded regions of flap DNA.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|