Dimorphic growth of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated by the quality of the nitrogen supply. On a preferred nitrogen source diploid cells grow as ellipsoidal cells by using a bipolar pattern of budding, whereas on a poor nitrogen source a unipolar pattern of budding is adopted, resulting in extended pseudohyphal chains of filamentous cells. Here we report that the quality of the nitrogen source is signaled by the glutamine tRNA isoform with a 5'-CUG anticodon (tRNACUG). Mutations that alter this tRNA impair assessment of the nitrogen supply without measurably affecting protein synthesis, so that mutant cells display pseudohyphal growth even on a preferred nitrogen source. The nitrogen status for other nitrogen-responsive processes such as catabolic gene expression and sporulation also is signaled by this tRNA: mutant cells inappropriately induce the nitrogen-repressed gene CAR1 and undergo precocious sporulation in nitrogen-rich media. Therefore, in addition to its role in mRNA translation, this tRNA also transduces nitrogen signals that regulate development.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|