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Reference: Gross C and Watson K (1998) Application of mRNA differential display to investigate gene expression in thermotolerant cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast 14(5):431-42

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Abstract


We have described the use of differential display of PCR-amplified reverse transcribed mRNA (DDRT-PCR) to survey changes in gene expression profiles induced by heat shock and carbon catabolite derepression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It is well established that either of these states elicits thermotolerant phenotypes. An initial analysis conducted on cells of an inherently thermosensitive strain (Ysen) indicated that approximately 10% of the total number of cDNAs detected were either up or down regulated following heat shock at 37 degrees C (30 min) in comparison to control cells (25 degrees C). In addition, whereas 7% of all PCR products were preferentially expressed during derepressive growth, approximately 2% were found to be common to both heat-shocked and derepressed cells. A repeat analysis, performed on all three cell types of Ysen as well as cells of a relatively thermoresistant strain (Yres) yielded 30 differentially displayed cDNA fragments common to heat-shocked and derepressed cells of both strains. Eighteen of these generated signals on Northern blots, of which three were confirmed as regulated. Five amplicons, including one not detected by Northern analysis and another from the derepressed state, were cloned and sequenced. Three of these exhibited homology to S. cerevisiae genes with well-characterized protein products: HSP 90, HXK1 and STA1. The remaining two applicons showed nucleotide identity to YTIS11, a homolog of the mammalian TIS11 and putative transcriptional activator, and an orphan gene encoding a hypothetical transmembrane protein belonging to the multi-drug resistance translocase family. Our novel application of DDRT-PCR has identified new and known genes that may be further evaluated as factors involved in stress regulation and has demonstrated the potential of the technique to systematically analyse gene expression in yeast.

Reference Type
Journal Article
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Gross C, Watson K
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