Saccharomyces cerevisiae RAD7 and RAD16 genes function together in the nucleotide excision repair of transcriptionally inactive DNA. The RAD7- and RAD16-encoded proteins exist as a tight complex named nucleotide excision repair factor 4 or NEF4. Previously, we showed that NEF4 binds UV-damaged DNA with high specificity and with a dependence upon ATP and that inclusion of NEF4 to the reconstituted nucleotide excision repair system consisting of purified NEF1, NEF2, NEF3, and replication protein A results in marked stimulation of damage-specific DNA incision. Here we show that NEF4 possesses an ATPase activity that is entirely dependent on a DNA cofactor and that double-stranded DNA is twice as effective as single-stranded DNA in activating ATP hydrolysis. Even though DNA binding is promoted by the nonhydrolyzable ATP analogue adenosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) (ATPgammaS), damage binding is more proficient with ATP than with ATPgammaS. Interestingly, UV irradiation of double-stranded DNA results in a pronounced attenuation of the ATPase activity. Taken together, our results suggest a model in which ATP hydrolysis by NEF4 fuels the translocation of NEF4 on DNA in search of UV lesions and damage binding by NEF4 leads to a down-regulation of the ATPase activity. Damage-bound NEF4 could then serve as a nucleation point for the assembly of other repair components.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|