The expression of the high-affinity trehalose-H+ symport was investigated in various Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains and culture conditions. Previous kinetic studies of trehalose transport in yeast have revealed the existence of at least two different uptake mechanisms: a high-affinity trehalose-H+ symport activity repressed by glucose, and a constitutive low-affinity transport activity, a putative facilitated diffusion process. Exogenously added trehalose was not an inducer of the high-affinity transport activity, and a correlation between trehalose and maltose uptake by yeast cells was found. Our results indicate that the maltose-H+ symporters encoded by MAL11, MAL21, and MAL41 are not responsible for the trehalose transport activity. The analysis of both trehalose and maltose transport activities in wild-type and in laboratory strains with defined MAL genes showed that the trehalose-H+ symporter was under control of MAL regulatory genes. Our results also suggest that the recently characterized AGT1 gene of S. cerevisiae may encode the high-affinity trehalose-H+ symporter. During diauxic growth on glucose the transport activity was low during the first exponential phase of growth, increased as glucose was exhausted from the medium, and decreased again as the cells reached the late stationary phase. This pattern was coincident with that of the intracellular levels of trehalose. The strong correlation between these two parameters may be of physiological significance during adaptation of yeast cells to stress conditions.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|