Take our Survey

Reference: MacDiarmid CW and Gardner RC (1998) Overexpression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae magnesium transport system confers resistance to aluminum ion. J Biol Chem 273(3):1727-32

Reference Help

Abstract


Ionic aluminum (Al3+) is toxic to plants, microbes, fish, and animals, but the mechanism of its toxicity is unknown. We describe the isolation of two yeast genes (ALR1 and ALR2) which confer increased tolerance to Al3+ and Ga3+ ions when overexpressed while increasing strain sensitivity to Zn2+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Ca2+, and La3+ ions. The Alr proteins are homologous to the Salmonella typhimurium CorA protein, a bacterial Mg2+ and Co2+ transport system located in the periplasmic membrane. Yeast strains lacking ALR gene activity required additional Mg2+ for growth, and expression of either ALR1 or ALR2 corrected the Mg(2+)-requiring phenotype. The results suggest that the ALR genes encode the yeast uptake system for Mg2+ and other divalent cations. This hypothesis was supported by evidence that 57Co2+ accumulation was elevated in ALR-overexpressing strains and reduced in strains lacking ALR expression. ALR overexpression also overcame the inhibition of Co2+ uptake by Al3+ ions. The results indicate that aluminum toxicity to yeast occurs as a consequence of reduced Mg2+ influx via the Alr proteins. The molecular identification of the yeast Mg2+ transport system should lead to a better understanding of the regulation of Mg2+ homeostasis in eukaryote cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
MacDiarmid CW, Gardner RC
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference