Reference: Hoffmann KM, et al. (1997) The crystal structure of domain 1 of receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase mu. J Biol Chem 272(44):27505-8

Reference Help

Abstract


Receptor-like protein-tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) play important roles in regulating intracellular processes. We have been investigating the regulation and function of RPTPmu, a receptor-like PTP related to the Ig superfamily of cell adhesion molecules. Recently, the crystal structure of a dimer of the membrane proximal domain of RPTPalpha (RPTPalpha D1) was described (Bilwes, A. M., den Hertog, J., Hunter, T., and Noel J. P. (1996) Nature 382, 555-559). Within this crystal structure, the catalytic site of each subunit of the dimer is sterically blocked by the insertion of the N-terminal helix-turn-helix segment of the dyad-related monomer. It was proposed that dimerization would lead to inhibition of catalytic activity and may provide a paradigm for the regulation of the RPTP family. We have determined the crystal structure, to 2.3 A resolution, of RPTPmu D1, which shares 46% sequence identity with that of RPTPalpha D1. Although the tertiary structures of RPTPalpha D1 and RPTPmu D1 are very similar, with a root mean square deviation between equivalent Calpha atoms of 1.1 A, the quaternary structures of these two proteins are different. Neither the catalytic site nor the N-terminal helix-turn-helix segment of RPTPmu D1 participates in protein-protein interactions. The catalytic site of RPTPmu D1 is unhindered and adopts an open conformation similar to that of the cytosolic PTP, PTP1B (Barford, D., Flint, A. J., and Tonks, N. K. (1994) Science 263, 1397-1404). We propose that dimerization-induced modulation of RPTP activity may not be a general feature of this family of enzymes.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hoffmann KM, Tonks NK, Barford D
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference