The Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha2 repressor controls two classes of cell-type-specific genes in yeast through association with different partners. alpha2-Mcm1 complexes repress a cell-specific gene expression in haploid alpha cells and diploid a/alpha cells, while a1-alpha2 complexes repress haploid-specific genes in diploid cells. In both cases, repression is mediated through Ssn6-Tu1 corepressor complexes that are recruited via direct interactions with alpha2. We have previously shown that nucleosomes are positioned adjacent to the alpha2-Mcm1 operator under conditions of repression and that Tupl interacts directly with histones H3 and H4. Here, we examine the role of chromatin in a1-alpha2 repression to determine if chromatin is a general feature of repression by Ssn6-Tup1. We find that mutations in the amino terminus of histone H4 cause a 4- to 11-fold derepression of a reporter gene under a1-alpha2 control, while truncation of the H3 amino terminus has a more modest (3-fold or less) effect. Strikingly, combination of the H3 truncation with an H4 mutation causes a 40-fold decrease in repression, clearly indicating a central role for these histones in a1-alpha2-mediated repression. However, in contrast to the ordered positioning of nucleosomes adjacent to the alpha2-Mcm1 operator, nucleosomes are not positioned adjacent to the a1-alpha2 operator in diploid cells. Our data indicate that chromatin is important to Ssn6-Tup1-mediated repression but that the degrees of chromatin organization directed by these proteins differ at different promoters.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|