The TAM1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is expressed specifically during meiosis and encodes a protein that localizes to the ends of meiotic chromosomes. In a tam1 null mutant, there is an increase in the frequency of chromosomes that fail to recombine and an associated increase in homolog nondisjunction at meiosis I. The tam1 mutant also displays an increased frequency of precocious separation of sister chromatids and a reduced efficiency of distributive disjunction. The defect in distributive disjunction may be attributable to overloading of the distributive system by the increased number of nonrecombinant chromosomes. Recombination is not impaired in the tam1 mutant, but crossover interference is reduced substantially. In addition, chromosome synapsis is delayed in tam1 strains. The combination of a defect in synapsis and a reduction in interference is consistent with previous studies suggesting a role for the synaptonemal complex in regulating crossover distribution. tam1 is the only known yeast mutant in which the control of crossover distribution is impaired, but the frequency of crossing over is unaffected. We discuss here possibilities for how a telomere-associated protein might function in chromosome synapsis and crossover interference.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|