The complexity of eukaryotic mRNA processing suggests a need for certain factors, called RNA chaperones, that can modulate RNA secondary structure as well as the interactions between pre-mRNA and trans-acting components. To identify factors that may fulfill this role in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we fractionated whole-cell extracts and assayed for activity that could facilitate a specific RNA-RNA annealing reaction. We detected one strong RNA annealing activity and purified it to homogeneity. This previously undescribed factor, Yra1p, is localized to the nucleus; its sequence contains one RNP-motif RNA-binding domain. The YRA1 gene contains a 766-nt intron, the second-largest identified in this organism, and Yra1p serves an essential, nonredundant function. Taken together, our findings indicate that Yra1p is likely to have an important role in S. cerevisiae nuclear pre-mRNA metabolism.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|