Inactivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae poly(A) polymerase in a strain bearing the temperature-sensitive lethal pap1-1 mutation results in the synthesis of poly(A)- mRNAs that initiate translation with surprising efficiency. Translation of poly(A)- mRNAs after polyadenylation shut-off might result from an increase in the ratio of ribosomes and associated translation factors to mRNA, caused by the inability of poly(A)- mRNAs to accumulate to normal levels. To test this hypothesis, we used ribosomal subunit protein gene mutations to decrease either 40 or 60 S ribosomal subunit concentrations in strains carrying the pap1-1 mutation. Polyadenylation shut-off in such cells results in a nearly normal ratio of ribosomes to mRNA as revealed by polyribosome sedimentation analysis. Ribonuclease protection and Northern blot analyses showed that a significant percentage of poly(A)-deficient and poly(A)- mRNA associate with smaller polyribosomes compared with cells with normal ribosome levels. Analysis of the ratio of poly(A)-deficient and poly(A)- forms ofa specific mRNA showed relatively more poly(A)- mRNA sedimenting with 20-60 S complexes than do poly(A)+ forms, suggesting a block in an early step of the translation initiation of the poly(A)- transcripts. These findings support models featuring the poly(A) tail as an enhancer of translation and suggest that the full effect of a poly(A) tail on the initiation strength of a mRNA may require competition for a limited number of free ribosomes or translation factors.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|