The core oligosaccharide Glc3Man9GlcNAc2 is assembled at the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum on the lipid carrier dolichyl pyrophosphate and transferred to selected asparagine residues of nascent polypeptide chains. This transfer is catalyzed by the oligosaccharyl transferase complex. Based on the synthetic phenotype of the oligosaccharyl transferase mutation wbp1 in combination with a deficiency in the assembly pathway of the oligosaccharide in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we have identified the novel ALG9 gene. We conclude that this locus encodes a putative mannosyl transferase because deletion of the gene led to accumulation of lipid-linked Man6GlcNAc2 in vivo and to hypoglycosylation of secreted proteins. Using an approach combining genetic and biochemical techniques, we show that the assembly of the lipid-linked core oligosaccharide in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum occurs in a stepwise fashion.
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