We have used suppressor genetics to identify factors that interact with Saccharomyces cerevisiae U1 small nuclear RNA (snRNA). In this way, we isolated PRP40-1, a suppressor that restores growth at 18 degrees C to a strain bearing a cold-sensitive mutation in U1 RNA. A gene disruption experiment shows that PRP40 is an essential gene. To study the role of PRP40 in splicing, we created a pool of temperature-sensitive prp40 strains. Primer extension analysis of intron-containing transcripts in prp40 temperature-sensitive strains reveals a splicing defect, indicating that Prp40 plays a direct role in pre-mRNA splicing. In addition, U1 RNA coimmunoprecipitates with Pro40, indicating that Prp40 is bound to the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle in vivo. Therefore, we conclude that PRP40 encodes a novel, essential splicing component that associates with the yeast U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|