Recent evidence suggests that ribosomal RNAs have functional roles in translation. We describe here a new ribosomal RNA mutation that causes translational suppression and antibiotic resistance in eukaryotic cells. Using random mutagenesis of the cloned ribosomal RNA gene and in vivo selection, we isolated a C --> U mutation in the universally conserved sarcin/ricin domain in Saccharomyces cerevisiae 25S ribosomal RNA. This mutation changes the putative CG pair, which closes the GAGA tetraloop in the sarcin/ricin domain, into a weaker UG pair without eliminating ribosomal sensitivity to ricin. We show that suppression of several UGA, UAG, and frameshift mutations is evident when a portion of the cellular ribosomal RNA contains the C --> U mutation. Cells that contain essentially all mutant ribosomal RNA grow only 10% slower than the wild-type, but show increased suppression as well as resistance to paramomycin, G418, and hygromycin, and sensitivity to cycloheximide. Our results provide genetic evidence for the participation of the sarcin/ricin loop in maintaining translational accuracy and are discussed in terms of a hypothesis that this ribosomal RNA region normally undergoes a conformational change during translation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|