Computer-assisted analysis of amino acid sequences using methods for database screening with individual sequences and with multiple alignment blocks reveals a complex multidomain organization of yeast proteins GCD6 and GCD1, and mammalian homolog of GCD6-subunits of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF-2B involved in GDP/GTP exchange on eIF-2. It is shown that these proteins contain a putative nucleotide-binding domain related to a variety of nucleotidyltransferases, most of which are involved in nucleoside diphosphate-sugar formation in bacteria. Three conserved motifs, one of which appears to be a variant of the phosphate-binding site (P-loop) and another that may be considered a specific version of the Mg(2+)-binding site of NTP-utilizing enzymes, were identified in the nucleotidyltransferase-related domain. Together with the third unique motif adjacent to the the P-loop, these motifs comprise the signature of a new superfamily of nucleotide-binding domains. A domain consisting of hexapeptide amino acid repeats with a periodic distribution of bulky hydrophobic residues (isoleucine patch), which previously have been identified in bacterial acetyltransferases, is located toward the C-terminus from the nucleotidyltransferase-related domain. Finally, at the very C-termini of GCD6, eIF-2B epsilon, and two other eukaryotic translation initiation factors, eIF-4 gamma and eIF-5, there is a previously undetected, conserved domain. It is hypothesized that the nucleotidyltransferase-related domain is directly involved in the GDP/GTP exchange, whereas the C-terminal conserved domain may be involved in the interaction of eIF-2B, eIF-4 gamma, and eIF-5 with eIF-2.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|