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Reference: Fishel BR, et al. (1993) Yeast calmodulin and a conserved nuclear protein participate in the in vivo binding of a matrix association region. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 90(12):5623-7

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Abstract

Chromatin becomes reorganized during mitosis each cell cycle. To identify genes potentially involved in these supramolecular events, we have used a colony-color assay to screen temperature-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. When a sequence that mediates attachment to the nuclear matrix in vitro was inserted into the GAL1 promoter of a lacZ fusion gene, beta-galactosidase synthesis was inhibited. This observation permitted screening for temperature-sensitive-inducible mutants on 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl beta-D-galactoside plates. Only 1 of 20 complementation groups of newly isolated mutants exhibited temperature-sensitive inducibility for the matrix association region but not for control CEN3 or STE6 inserts--a cmd1 mutant in which the last 7 amino acids of calmodulin were truncated by an ochre termination codon. Another mutant (smi1) exhibited a rare phenotype at the nonpermissive condition, which included S phase and budding arrest. We cloned and sequenced the SMI1 gene, which encodes a 57-kDa polypeptide with evolutionarily conserved epitope(s) found in mammalian cell nuclei. Thus, we provide evidence for involvement of calmodulin and another conserved protein in the in vivo binding of a matrix association region.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. | Comparative Study
Authors
Fishel BR, Sperry AO, Garrard WT
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