In Saccharomyces cerevisiae the utilization of lactate occurs via specific oxidation of L- and D-lactate to pyruvate catalysed by L-lactate ferricytochrome c oxidoreductase (L-LCR) (EC 126.96.36.199) encoded by the CYB2 gene, and D-lactate ferricytochrome c oxidoreductase (D-LCR) (EC 188.8.131.52), respectively. We selected several lactate- pyruvate+ mutants in a cyb2 genetic background. Two of them were devoid of D-LCR activity (dld mutants, belonging to the same complementation group). The mutation mapped in the structural gene. This was demonstrated by a gene dosage effect and by the thermosensitivity of the enzyme activity of thermosensitive revertants. The DLD gene was cloned by complementation for growth on D-, L-lactate in the strain WWF18-3D, carrying both a CYB2 disruption and the dld mutation. The minimal complete complementing sequence was localized by subcloning experiments. From the sequence analysis an open reading frame (ORF) was identified that could encode a polypeptide of 576 amino-acids, corresponding to a calculated molecular weight of 64000 Da. The deduced protein sequence showed significant homology with the previously described microsomal flavoprotein L-gulono-gamma-lactone oxidase isolated from Rattus norvegicus, which catalyses the terminal step of L-ascorbic acid biosynthesis. These results are discussed together with the role of L-LCR and D-LCR in lactate metabolism of S. cerevisiae.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|