Cytochrome b2 is synthesized as a precursor in the cytoplasm and imported to the intermembrane space of yeast mitochondria. We show here that the precursor contains a tightly folded heme-binding domain and that translocation of this domain across the outer membrane requires ATP. Surprisingly, it is ATP in the mitochondrial matrix rather than external ATP that drives import of the heme-binding domain. When the folded structure of the heme-binding domain is disrupted by mutation or by urea denaturation, import and correct processing take place in ATP-depleted mitochondria. These results indicate that (1) cytochrome b2 reaches the intermembrane space without completely crossing the inner membrane, and (2) some precursors fold outside the mitochondria but remain translocation-competent, and import of these precursors in vitro does not require ATP-dependent cytosolic chaperone proteins.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|