TFIIA is a transcription factor that, by interacting with the TATA-binding subunit (TBP) of TFIID, modulates transcription initiation by RNA polymerase II in vitro. By use of a mobility shift assay, TFIIA was purified from HeLa cells as a complex of 35-, 19-, and 12-kD subunits. Oligonucleotides were used to isolate a human cDNA clone, hTFIIA/alpha, which encodes a 55-kD protein with homology to the product of the yeast gene TOA1. The open reading frame of hTFIIA/alpha contains peptide sequences obtained from both the p35 and p19 subunits of natural human TFIIA, and thus encodes these two subunits. Consistent with this, antiserum raised against the 55-kD hTFIIA/alpha-encoded protein reacted with both the p35 and p19 subunits of natural TFIIA, and the recombinant protein could functionally replace those subunits in a mobility shift assay with renatured p12. An efficient affinity purification for natural human TFIIA was suggested by the sequence of the hTFIIA/alpha protein and demonstrated biochemically. Finally, transcription from the adenovirus major late promoter was greatly reduced in nuclear extracts depleted with anti-TFIIA/alpha serum and was restored to original levels by the readdition of purified human TFIIA.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|