Reference: Lamzin VS, et al. (1994) High resolution structures of holo and apo formate dehydrogenase. J Mol Biol 236(3):759-85

Reference Help

Abstract


Three-dimensional crystal structures of holo (ternary complex enzyme-NAD-azide) and apo NAD-dependent dimeric formate dehydrogenase (FDH) from the methylotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas sp. 101 have been refined to R factors of 11.7% and 14.8% at 2.05 and 1.80 A resolution, respectively. The estimated root-mean-square error in atomic co-ordinates is 0.11 A for holo and 0.18 A for apo. X-ray data were collected from single crystals using an imaging plate scanner and synchrotron radiation. In both crystal forms there is a dimer in the asymmetric unit. Both structures show essentially 2-fold molecular symmetry. NAD binding causes movement of the catalytic domain and ordering of the C terminus, where a new helix appears. This completes formation of the enzyme active centre in holo FDH. NAD is bound in the cleft separating the domains and mainly interacts with residues from the co-enzyme binding domain. In apo FDH these residues are held in essentially the same conformation by water molecules occupying the NAD binding region. An azide molecule is located near the point of catalysis, the C4 atom of the nicotinamide moiety of NAD, and overlaps with the proposed formate binding site. There is an extensive channel running from the active site to the protein surface and this is supposed to be used by substrate to reach the active centre after NAD has already bound. The structure of the active site and a hypothetical catalytic mechanism are discussed. Sequence homology of FDH with other NAD-dependent formate dehydrogenases and some D-specific dehydrogenases is discussed on the basis of the FDH three-dimensional structure.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study
Authors
Lamzin VS, Dauter Z, Popov VO, Harutyunyan EH, Wilson KS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference