Protein translocation into the mammalian endoplasmic reticulum requires the Sec61p complex, which consists of three membrane proteins. The alpha-subunit, the homologue of Sec61p of yeast, shows some similarity to SecYp, a key component of the protein export apparatus of bacteria. In Escherichia coli, SecYp is also associated with two other proteins (SecEp and band-1 protein). We have now determined the sequences of the beta- and gamma-subunits of the mammalian Sec61p complex. Sec61-gamma is homologous to SSS1p, a suppressor of sec61 mutants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and can functionally replace it in yeast cells. Moreover, Sec61-gamma and SSS1p are structurally related to SecEp of E. coli and to putative homologues in various other bacteria. At least two subunits of the Sec61/SecYp complex therefore seem to be key components of the protein translocation apparatus in all classes of organisms.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|