Ras proteins appear to have two distinct downstream effectors, adenylyl cyclase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and a product of raf-1 protooncogene in higher organisms. We found that in vitro activation of adenylyl cyclase by yeast Ras2 and human H-Ras proteins is subject to competitive inhibition by its leucine-rich repeats domain and by the N-terminal regulatory domain of human Raf-1 protein. Kinetic analyses of the inhibition patterns enabled us to determine exact dissociation constants (Kd) of the two polypeptides for Ras2 and H-Ras. The leucine-rich repeats domain bound to the posttranslationally modified Ras2 with the Kd of approximately 13 nM, which was close to the value (7 nM) of the whole adenylyl cyclase. The Kd of Raf-1 for the modified H-Ras, 3.5 nM, was significantly lower than that for Ras2, 24 nM, whereas adenylyl cyclase bound preferentially to Ras2. Similar inhibition was also observed in vivo by suppression of RAS2Val-19-dependent heat shock sensitivity and of Ras-dependent cAMP response to glucose upon overexpression of Raf-1 in yeast. These results indicate that the leucine-rich repeats domain contains the Ras protein-binding site and that Raf-1 and adenylyl cyclase, sharing no structural homology with each other, bind to a similar, if not identical, region of Ras with comparable affinities.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|