The COT1 and ZRC1 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are structurally related dosage-dependent suppressors of metal toxicity. COT1 confers increased tolerance to high levels of cobalt; ZRC1 confers increased tolerance to high levels of zinc. The two genes are not linked and have been mapped; COT1 to chromosome XV and ZRC1 to chromosome XIII. Phenotypes related to metal homeostasis have been examined in strains with varied COT1 and ZRC1 gene doses. Overexpression of COT1 confers tolerance to moderately toxic levels of zinc and ZRC1 confers tolerance to moderately toxic levels of cobalt. Strains that carry null alleles at both loci are viable. The metal-hypersensitive phenotypes of mutations in either gene are largely unaffected by changes in dosage of the other. COT1 and ZRC1 function independently in conferring tolerance to their respective metals, yet the uptake of cobalt ions by yeast cells is dependent on the gene dosage of ZRC1 as well as of COT1. Strains that overexpress ZRC1 have increased uptake of cobalt ions, while ZRC1 null mutants exhibit decreased cobalt uptake. The defects in cobalt uptake due to mutations at COT1 and ZRC1 are additive, suggesting that the two genes are responsible for the majority of cobalt and zinc uptake in yeast cells. The function of either gene product seems to be more important in metal homeostasis than is the GRR1 gene product, which is also involved in metal metabolism. Mutations in the GRR1 gene have no effect on the cobalt-related phenotypes of strains that have altered gene dosage of either COT1 or ZRC1.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|