Protein translocation into mitochondria requires the mitochondrial protein Hsp70. This molecular chaperone of the mitochondrial matrix is recruited to the protein import machinery by MIM44, a component associated with the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Formation of the mt-Hsp70/MIM44 complex is regulated by ATP. MIM44 and mt-Hsp 70 interact in a sequential manner with incoming segments of unfolded preproteins and thereby facilitate stepwise vectorial translocation of proteins across the mitochondrial membranes. The complex appears to act as a molecular ratchet which is energetically driven by the hydrolysis of ATP.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|