Rad51 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a structural homolog of the Escherichia coli recombination enzyme RecA. In yeast, the Rad51 protein is required for mitotic and meiotic recombination and for repair of double-strand breaks in DNA. We have used antibodies raised against the homologous human protein, HsRad51, expressed in E. coli, to visualize the spatial distribution of the protein in mammalian somatic and meiotic cells. In cultured human cells, the HsRad51 protein is concentrated in multiple discrete foci in the nucleoplasm; it is largely absent from cytoplasm and nucleoli. After treatment of cells with methyl methanesulfonate, ultraviolet irradiation, or 137Cs irradiation, the percentage of cells with HsRad51 protein immunofluorescence increases; the same cells show unscheduled DNA synthesis. Induction of Rad51 foci is blocked by inhibitors of transcription. In mouse pachytene spermatocytes, the mouse homolog of Rad51 protein is highly enriched in synaptonemal complexes that are formed between the paired homologous chromosomes during meiotic prophase. We conclude that the mammalian proteins homologous to yeast Rad51 are involved in repair of DNA damage and recombinational repair during meiosis.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|