The Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein SEC14p is required for Golgi function and cell viability in vivo. This requirement is obviated by mutations that specifically inactivate the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. The biochemical basis for the in vivo relationship between SEC14p function and the CDP-choline pathway has remained obscure. We now report that SEC14p effects an in vivo depression of CDP-choline pathway activity by inhibiting choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase (CCTase; EC 18.104.22.168), the rate-determining enzyme of the CDP-choline pathway. Moreover, this SEC14p-mediated inhibition of CCTase was recapitulated in vitro and was saturable. Finally, whereas the SEC14p-dependent inhibition of CCTase in vitro was markedly reduced under assay conditions that were expected to increase levels of phosphatidylinositol-bound SEC14p, assay conditions expected to increase levels of phosphatidylcholine-bound SEC14p resulted in significant potentiation of CCTase inhibition. The collective data suggest that the phosphatidylcholine-bound form of SEC14p effects an essential repression of CDP-choline pathway activity in Golgi membranes by inhibiting CCTase and that the phospholipid-binding/exchange activity of SEC14p represents a mechanism by which the regulatory activity of SEC14p is itself controlled.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|