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Reference: Santos MA, et al. (1995) Riboflavin biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Cloning, characterization, and expression of the RIB5 gene encoding riboflavin synthase. J Biol Chem 270(1):437-44

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Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a monofunctional riboflavin synthase that catalyzes the formation of riboflavin from 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine. We have isolated the gene encoding this enzyme from a yeast genomic library by functional complementation of a mutant, rib5-10, lacking riboflavin synthase activity. Deletion of the chromosomal copy of RIB5 led to riboflavin auxotrophy and loss of enzyme activity. Intragenic complementation between point and deletion mutant alleles suggested that the encoded protein (Rib5p) assembles into a multimeric complex and predicted the existence of a discrete functional domain located at the N terminus. Nucleotide sequencing revealed a 714-base pair open reading frame encoding a 25-kDa protein. Rib5p was purified to apparent homogeneity by a simple procedure. The specific activity of the enzyme was enriched 8500-fold. The N-terminal sequence of the purified enzyme was identical to the sequence predicted from the nucleotide sequence of the RIB5 gene. Initial structural characterization of riboflavin synthase by gel filtration chromatography and both nondenaturing pore limit and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed that the enzyme forms a trimer of identical 25-kDa subunits. The derived amino acid sequence of RIB5 shows extensive homology to the sequences of the alpha subunits of riboflavin synthase from Bacillus subtilis and other prokaryotes. In addition, the sequence also shows internal homology between the N-terminal and the C-terminal halves of the protein. Taken together, these results suggest that the Rib5p subunit contains two structurally related (substrate-binding) but catalytically different (acceptor and donator) domains.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Santos MA, Garcia-Ramirez JJ, Revuelta JL
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