Reference: Brevet A, et al. (1995) Comparison of the enzymatic properties of the two Escherichia coli lysyl-tRNA synthetase species. J Biol Chem 270(24):14439-44

Reference Help

Abstract


In Escherichia coli, lysyl-tRNA synthetase activity is encoded by either a constitutive lysS gene or an inducible one, lysU. The two corresponding enzymes could be purified at homogeneity from a delta lysU and a delta lysS strain, respectively. Comparison of the pure enzymes, LysS and LysU, indicates that, in the presence of saturating substrates, LysS is about twice more active than LysU in the ATP-PPi exchange as well as in the tRNALys aminoacylation reaction. Moreover, the dissociation constant of the LysU-lysine complex is 8-fold smaller than that of the LysS-lysine complex. In agreement with this difference, the activity of LysU is less sensitive than that of LysS to the addition of cadaverine, a decarboxylation product of lysine and a competitive inhibitor of lysine binding to its synthetase. This observation points to a possible useful role of LysU, under physiological conditions causing cadaverine accumulation in the bacterium. Remarkably, these conditions also induce lysU expression. Homogeneous LysU and LysS were also compared in Ap4A synthesis. LysU is only 2-fold more active than LysS in the production of this dinucleotide. This makes unlikely that the heat-inducible LysU species could be preferentially involved in the accumulation of Ap4A inside stressed Escherichia coli cells. This conclusion could be strengthened by determining the concentrations of Ap4N (N = A, C, G, or U) in a delta lysU as well as in a lysU+ strain, before and after a 1-h temperature shift at 48 degrees C. The measured concentration values were the same in both strains.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Comparative Study
Authors
Brevet A, Chen J, Leveque F, Blanquet S, Plateau P
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference