Saccharomyces cerevisiae casein kinase II (CKII) contains two distinct catalytic (alpha and alpha') and regulatory (beta and beta') subunits. We report here the isolation and disruption of the gene, CKB1, encoding the 38-kDa beta subunit. The predicted Ckb1 sequence includes the N-terminal autophosphorylation site, internal acidic domain, and potential metal binding motif (CPX3C-X22-CPXC) present in other beta subunits but is unique in that it contains two additional autophosphorylation sites as well as a 30-amino-acid acidic insert. CKB1 is located on the left arm of chromosome VII, approximately 33 kilobases from the centromere and does not correspond to any previously characterized genetic locus. Haploid and diploid strains lacking either or both beta subunit genes are viable, demonstrating that the regulatory subunit of CKII is dispensable in S. cerevisiae. Such strains exhibit wild type behavior with regard to growth on both fermentable and nonfermentable carbon sources, mating, sporulation, spore germination, and resistance to heatshock and nitrogen starvation, but are salt-sensitive. Salt sensitivity is specific for NaCl and LiCl and is not observed with KCl or agents which increase osmotic pressure alone. These data suggest a role for CKII in ion homeostasis in S. cerevisiae.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|