BACKGROUND: Chitinases cleave the beta-1-4-glycosidic bond between the N-acetyl-D-glucosamine units of which chitin is comprised. Chitinases are present in plants, bacteria and fungi, but whereas structures are available for two prototypic plant enzymes, no structure is available for a bacterial or fungal chitinase. RESULTS: To redress this imbalance, the structure of native chitinase A from Serratia marcescens has been solved by multiple isomorphous replacement and refined at 2.3 A resolution, resulting in a crystallographic R-factor of 16.2%. The enzyme comprises three domains: an all beta-strand amino-terminal domain, a catalytic alpha/beta-barrel domain, and a small alpha+beta-fold domain. There are several residues with unusual geometries in the structure. Structure determination of chitinase A in complex with N,N',N",N"'-tetra-acetylo-chitotetraose, together with biochemical and sequence analysis data, enabled the positions of the active-site and catalytic residues to be proposed. CONCLUSIONS: The reaction mechanism seems to be similar to that of lysozyme and most other glycosylhydrolases, i.e. general acid-base catalysis. The role of the amino-terminal domain could not be identified, but it has similarities to the fibronectin III domain. This domain may possibly facilitate the interaction of chitinase A with chitin.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|