The notion that homologous recombination is a regulated biological process is not a familiar one. In yeasts, homologous recombination and most site-specific ones are initiated by site-specific double-stranded breaks that are introduced within cis-acting elements for the recombination. On the other hand, yeasts have a group of site-specific endonucleases (multi-site-specific endonucleases) that have a number of cleavage sites on each DNA. One of them, Endo.SceI of S. cerevisiae, was shown to introduce double-stranded breaks at a number of well-defined sites on the mitochondrial DNA in vivo. An Endo.SceI-induced double-stranded break was demonstrated to induce homologous recombination in mitochondria. Like the case of homologous recombination of nuclear chromosomes, the double-stranded break induces gene conversion of both genetic markers flanking and in the proximity of the cleavage site, and the cleaved DNA acts as a recipient of genetic information from the uncleaved partner DNA. The 70 kDa-heat-shock protein (HSP70)-subunit of Endo.SceI and a general role of the HSP70 in the regulation of protein-folding suggest the regulation of nucleolytic activity of Endo.SceI.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|