Respiratory-competent nuclear mutants have been isolated which presenteda cryosensitive phenotype on a non-fermentative carbon source, due to a dysfunctioning of the mitochondrial F1-Fo ATP synthase which results from a relative defect in subunits 6 and 8 of the Fo sector. Both proteins are mtDNA-encoded, but the defect is due to the simultaneous presence of a mutation in two unlinked nuclear genes (NCA2 and NCA3, for Nuclear Control of ATPase) promoting a modification of the expression of the ATP8-ATP6 co-transcript (formerly denoted AAP1-OLI2). This co-transcript matures at a unique site to give two cotranscripts of 5.2 and 4.6 kb in length: in the mutant, the 5.2-kb co-transcript was greatly lowered. NCA3 was isolated from a wild-type yeast genomic library by genetic complementation. The level of the 5.2-kb transcript, like the synthesis of subunits 6 and 8, was partly restored in the transformed strain. A 1011-nucleotide ORF was identified that encodes an hydrophilic protein of 35417 Da. Disruption of chromosomal DNA within the reading frame promoted a dramatic decrease of the 5.2-kb mRNA but did not abolish the respiratory competence of a wild-type strain. NCA3 is located on chromosome IV and produces a single 1780-b transcript.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|