Ribonucleotide reductase, the central enzyme of DNA precursor biosynthesis, has been isolated and characterized from baker's yeast. The enzyme activity, measured in extracts from three different, exponentially growing yeast strains, is high enough to meet the substrate requirement of DNA replication, in contrast to very low activities found in most other organisms. In thymidylate-permeable yeast cells ribonucleotide reductase activity is stimulated under both starvation and excess of intracellular dTMP. On the other hand growth of yeast in presence of 20 mM hydroxyurea did not increase enzyme activity. Yeast ribonucleotide reductase is composed of two non-identical subunits, inactive separately, of which one binds to immobilized dATP. The relative molecular mass of the holoenzyme is about 250 000. The enzyme reduces all four natural ribonucleoside diphosphates with comparable efficacy. GDP reduction requires dTTP as effector, ADP reduction is stimulated by dGTP, whereas pyrimidine nucleotide reduction is stimulated by any deoxyribonucleotide and ATP. Enzyme activity is independent of exogenous metal ions and is insensitive towards chelating agents. Hydroxyurea inactivates yeast ribonucleotide reductase in a slow reaction; half-inhibition (I50) is reached only at 2-6 mM hydroxyurea concentration. Up to 50% reactivation occurs spontaneously after removal of the inhibitor. In accord with previous attempts by others, extensive purification of the yeast enzyme has failed owing to its extreme instability in solution; the half-life of about 11 h could not be influenced by any protective measure. Taken together, yeast ribonucleotide reductase combines features known from Escherichia coli and mammalian enzymes with differing, individual properties.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|