Reference: George-Nascimento C and Poyton RO (1981) Further analysis of the polypeptide subunits of yeast cytochrome c oxidase. Isolation and characterization of subunits III, V, and VII. J Biol Chem 256(17):9363-70

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Abstract

By using a modified purification procedure in which we have substituted detergent exchange gel filtration for DEAE-cellulose or hydroxylapatite chromatography (Mason, T. L., Poyton, R. O., Wharton, D. C., and Schatz, G. (1973) J. Biol. Chem. 248, 1346-1354), we have isolated yeast cytochrome c oxidase preparations which are low in contaminating polypeptides and which have been successfully used for the large scale purification of subunits. Subunits have been purified from this preparation by a simple two-step procedure which involves: 1) the release of subunits IV and VI from an "insoluble" core composed of subunits I, II, III, V, and VII; and 2) gel filtration of the "core" subunits in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Molecular weights of the isolated subunits, obtained from sodium dodecyl sulfate gel retardation coefficients (KR) derived from Ferguson plots, were: I, 54,000; II, 31,000; III, 29,500; IV, 14,500; V, 12,500; VI, 9,500; VII, 4,500. In their purified state all subunits, except for subunit V, exhibited electrophoretic behavior similar to that exhibited by unpurified subunits in sodium dodecyl sulfate-dissociated holoenzyme preparations. As purified, subunit V exhibits a slightly smaller apparent molecular weight than its counterpart in the holoenzyme. Amino acid analysis of the isolated subunits revealed that subunit III, a mitochondrial translation product, contained 41.9% polar amino acids, whereas subunits V and VII, cytoplasmic translation products, each contained 47.7% polar amino acids. These results extend and support our previous finding that the mitochondrially translated subunits of yeast cytochrome c oxidase are more hydrophobic than the cytoplasmically translated subunits.

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George-Nascimento C, Poyton RO
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