Reference: Mittenbuhler K and Holzer H (1988) Purification and characterization of acid trehalase from the yeast suc2 mutant. J Biol Chem 263(17):8537-43

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Abstract

Acid trehalase was purified from the yeast suc2 deletion mutant. After hydrophobic interaction chromatography, the enzyme could be purified to a single band or peak by a further step of either polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, gel filtration, or isoelectric focusing. An apparent molecular mass of 218,000 Da was calculated from gel filtration. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate suggested a molecular mass of 216,000 Da. Endoglycosidase H digestion of the purified enzyme resulted after sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis in one distinct band at 41,000 Da, representing the mannose-free protein moiety of acid trehalase. The carbohydrate content of the enzyme was 86%. Amino acid analysis indicated 354 residues/molecule of enzyme including 9 cysteine moieties and only 1 methionine. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was estimated by gel electrofocusing to be approximately 4.7. The catalytic activity showed a maximum at pH 4.5. The activity of the enzyme was not inhibited by 10 mM each of HgCl2, EDTA, iodoacetic acid, phenanthrolinium chloride or phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride. There was no activation by divalent metal ions. The acid trehalase exhibited an apparent Km for trehalose of 4.7 +/- 0.1 mM and a Vmax of 99 mumol of trehalose min-1 X mg-1 at 37 degrees C and pH 4.5. The acid trehalase is located in the vacuoles. The rabbit antiserum raised against acid trehalase exhibited strong cross-reaction with purified invertase. These cross-reactions were removed by affinity chromatography using invertase coupled to CNBr-activated Sepharose 4B. Precipitation of acid trehalase activity was observed with the purified antiserum.

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Journal Article
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Mittenbuhler K, Holzer H
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