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Reference: Dellamora-Ortiz GM, et al. (1986) Partial purification and characterization of the interconvertible forms of trehalase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Arch Biochem Biophys 251(1):205-14

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Abstract

Cryptic trehalase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was purified about 3000-fold. The recovery of 970% of the original "activity" indicated the removal of an inhibitor of the enzyme. Active trehalase, obtained through phosphorylation of cryptic trehalase by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, was isolated by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. A major phosphorylated protein, with an apparent Mr of 86,000, was detected after SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This protein band correlated exactly with the elution profile of trehalase activity and 32Pi incorporation into the enzyme on DEAE-cellulose chromatography. Partially purified active trehalase showed absolute specificity towards trehalose with an apparent Km of 4.79 X 10(-3) M. Both forms of the enzyme showed an apparent molecular weight of 160,000, by gel filtration. Centrifugation on a glycerol density gradient indicated multiple forms of trehalase-c, with Mr of 320,000, 160,000, and 80,000. After activation of each of these forms by protein kinase, a single form of trehalase-a was observed, with a Mr of 160,000. Trehalase-c appears to be a totally inactive form of the enzyme. The only mechanism of activation seems to be phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. When the protein kinase concentration was varied, at a fixed trehalase-c concentration, a sigmoidal activation plot was obtained. This result suggests the occurrence of multiple forms of cryptic trehalase.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Dellamora-Ortiz GM, Ortiz CH, Maia JC, Panek AD
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