Cryptic trehalase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was purified about 3000-fold. The recovery of 970% of the original "activity" indicated the removal of an inhibitor of the enzyme. Active trehalase, obtained through phosphorylation of cryptic trehalase by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, was isolated by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. A major phosphorylated protein, with an apparent Mr of 86,000, was detected after SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. This protein band correlated exactly with the elution profile of trehalase activity and 32Pi incorporation into the enzyme on DEAE-cellulose chromatography. Partially purified active trehalase showed absolute specificity towards trehalose with an apparent Km of 4.79 X 10(-3) M. Both forms of the enzyme showed an apparent molecular weight of 160,000, by gel filtration. Centrifugation on a glycerol density gradient indicated multiple forms of trehalase-c, with Mr of 320,000, 160,000, and 80,000. After activation of each of these forms by protein kinase, a single form of trehalase-a was observed, with a Mr of 160,000. Trehalase-c appears to be a totally inactive form of the enzyme. The only mechanism of activation seems to be phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. When the protein kinase concentration was varied, at a fixed trehalase-c concentration, a sigmoidal activation plot was obtained. This result suggests the occurrence of multiple forms of cryptic trehalase.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|