Reference: Jacquet M, et al. (1988) Sequence analysis of the DdPYR5-6 gene coding for UMP synthase in Dictyostelium discoideum and comparison with orotate phosphoribosyl transferases and OMP decarboxylases. Mol Gen Genet 211(3):441-5

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Abstract


A Dictyostelium discoideum DNA fragment that complements the ura3 and the ura5 mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been sequenced. It contains an open reading frame of 478 codons capable of encoding a polypeptide of molecular weight 52475. This gene, named DdPYR5-6, encodes a bifunctional protein composed of the orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRTase) and the orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase (OMPdecase) domains described for UMP synthase in mammals. The existence of separate domains for the two activities was suspected because deletion of the N-terminal coding segment of the gene eliminated the ura5 but not the ura3 complementing activity. We have now confirmed that the two parts of the open reading frame share homology with known OPRTase and OMPdecase sequences. Several blocks of sequence are conserved among OPRTase from bacteria, fungi and slime mold and one of them corresponds to the consensus sequence for phosphoribosylbinding sites. The OMPdecase domain shows extensive similarity with the yeast and Neurospora crassa enzymes, suggesting that they have evolved from an ancestral gene which was fused to the OPRTase gene in D. discoideum. It is less related to the bacterial enzyme but all these sequences present conserved blocks of homology which could identify the active site. The codon usage is strongly biased in a manner similar to that found for other D. discoideum genes. The flanking DNA contains homopolymers of A and T and alternating sequences that are characteristic of the gene organization in D. discoideum.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Jacquet M, Guilbaud R, Garreau H
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