Chromatin-remodeling complexes are assembled around a catalytic subunit that contains a central ATPase domain and flanking sequences that recruit auxiliary subunits. The catalytic subunits of SWI/SNF remodelers recruit Arp7/9 through a helicase/SANT-associated (HSA) domain N-terminal to the ATPase domain. Arp7/9-containing remodelers also carry the auxiliary subunit Rtt102, but the role of this subunit is poorly understood. Here, we show that Rtt102 binds with nanomolar affinity to the Arp7/9 heterodimer and modulates its conformation and interactions with the ATPase subunit and nucleotide. When bound to Rtt102, Arp7/9 interacts with a shorter segment of the HSA domain. Structural analysis by small-angle x-ray scattering further shows that when bound to Rtt102, the complex of Arp7/9 with the catalytic subunit assumes a more stable compact conformation. We also found that Arp7, Arp9, and Arp7/9 interact very weakly with ATP, but Rtt102 promotes high-affinity ATP binding to a single site in the heterodimer. Collectively, the results establish a function for subunit Rtt102 as a stabilizing factor for the Arp7/9 heterodimer, enhancing its interaction with nucleotide and controlling the conformation of SWI/SNF remodelers in an Arp7/9-dependent manner.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|