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Reference: Zhuang J, et al. (2013) Mitochondrial disulfide relay mediates translocation of p53 and partitions its subcellular activity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110(43):17356-61

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Abstract

p53, a critical tumor suppressor, regulates mitochondrial respiration, but how a nuclear protein can orchestrate the function of an organelle encoded by two separate genomes, both of which require p53 for their integrity, remains unclear. Here we report that the mammalian homolog of the yeast mitochondrial disulfide relay protein Mia40 (CHCHD4) is necessary for the respiratory-dependent translocation of p53 into the mitochondria. In the setting of oxidative stress, increased CHCHD4 expression partitions p53 into the mitochondria and protects its genomic integrity while decreasing p53 nuclear localization and transcriptional activity. Conversely, decreased CHCHD4 expression prevents the mitochondrial translocation of p53 while augmenting its nuclear localization and activity. Thus, the mitochondrial disulfide relay system allows p53 to regulate two spatially segregated genomes depending on oxidative metabolic activity.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Zhuang J, Wang PY, Huang X, Chen X, Kang JG, Hwang PM
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