Reference: Wei Z, et al. (2013) Structural basis of cargo recognitions for class V myosins. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110(28):11314-9

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Abstract


Class V myosins (MyoV), the most studied unconventional myosins, recognize numerous cargos mainly via the motor's globular tail domain (GTD). Little is known regarding how MyoV-GTD recognizes such a diverse array of cargos specifically. Here, we solved the crystal structures of MyoVa-GTD in its apo-form and in complex with two distinct cargos, melanophilin and Rab interacting lysosomal protein-like 2. The apo-MyoVa-GTD structure indicates that most mutations found in patients with Griscelli syndrome, microvillus inclusion disease, or cancers or in "dilute" rodents likely impair the folding of GTD. The MyoVa-GTD/cargo complex structure reveals two distinct cargo-binding surfaces, one primarily via charge-charge interaction and the other mainly via hydrophobic interactions. Structural and biochemical analysis reveal the specific cargo-binding specificities of various isoforms of mammalian MyoV as well as very different cargo recognition mechanisms of MyoV between yeast and higher eukaryotes. The MyoVa-GTD structures resolved here provide a framework for future functional studies of vertebrate class V myosins.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Wei Z, Liu X, Yu C, Zhang M
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