Accurate and efficient gene expression requires that protein translation initiates from mRNA transcripts with high fidelity. At the same time, indiscriminate initiation of translation from multiple ATG start-sites per transcript has been demonstrated, raising fundamental questions regarding the rate and rationale governing alternative translation initiation. We devised a sensitive fluorescent reporter assay for monitoring alternative translation initiation. To demonstrate it, we map the translation initiation landscape of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene (RMD1) with a typical ATG sequence context profile. We found that up to 3%-5% of translation initiation events occur from alternative out-of-frame start codons downstream of the main ATG. Initiation from these codons follows the ribosome scanning model: initiation rates from different start sites are determined by ATG order, rather than their context strength. Genomic analysis of S. cerevisiae further supports the scanning model: ATG codons downstream rather than upstream of the main ATG tend to have higher context scores.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|