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Reference: Ben-Yehezkel T, et al. (2013) Mapping the translation initiation landscape of an S. cerevisiae gene using fluorescent proteins. Genomics 102(4):419-29

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Abstract

Accurate and efficient gene expression requires that protein translation initiates from mRNA transcripts with high fidelity. At the same time, indiscriminate initiation of translation from multiple ATG start-sites per transcript has been demonstrated, raising fundamental questions regarding the rate and rationale governing alternative translation initiation. We devised a sensitive fluorescent reporter assay for monitoring alternative translation initiation. To demonstrate it, we map the translation initiation landscape of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae gene (RMD1) with a typical ATG sequence context profile. We found that up to 3%-5% of translation initiation events occur from alternative out-of-frame start codons downstream of the main ATG. Initiation from these codons follows the ribosome scanning model: initiation rates from different start sites are determined by ATG order, rather than their context strength. Genomic analysis of S. cerevisiae further supports the scanning model: ATG codons downstream rather than upstream of the main ATG tend to have higher context scores.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Ben-Yehezkel T, Zur H, Marx T, Shapiro E, Tuller T
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