Take our Survey

Reference: Bahadorani S, et al. (2013) Expression of zinc-deficient human superoxide dismutase in Drosophila neurons produces a locomotor defect linked to mitochondrial dysfunction. Neurobiol Aging 34(10):2322-30

Reference Help

Abstract

More than 130 different mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene have been associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis but the mechanism of this toxicity remains controversial. To gain insight into the importance of the zinc site in the pathogenesis of SOD1 in vivo, we generated a Drosophila model with transgenic expression of a zinc-deficient human SOD1. Expression of zinc-deficient SOD1 in Drosophila resulted in a progressive movement defect with associated mitochondrial cristae vacuolization and reductions in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels. Furthermore, these flies are sensitized to mitochondrial toxins, paraquat, and zinc. Importantly, we show that the zinc-deficient SOD1-induced motor defect can be ameliorated by supplementing the endogenous fly respiratory chain machinery with the single-subunit NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase from yeast (NADH is nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced form.). These results demonstrate that zinc-deficient SOD1 is neurotoxic in vivo and suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role in this toxicity. The robust behavioral, pathological, and biochemical phenotypes conferred by zinc-deficient SOD1 in Drosophila have general implications for the role of the zinc ion in familial and sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Bahadorani S, Mukai ST, Rabie J, Beckman JS, Phillips JP, Hilliker AJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference