Severe congenital neutropenia as well as primary myelofibrosis are rare in infancy. Elucidation of the underlying mechanism is important because it extends our understanding of the more common adult forms of these disorders. Using homozygosity mapping followed by exome sequencing, we identified a Thr224Asn mutation in the VPS45 gene in infants from consanguineous families who suffered from life-threatening neutropenia, which was refractory to granulocyte CSF, from defective platelet aggregation and myelofibrosis. The mutation segregated in the families, was not present in controls, affected a highly conserved codon, and apparently destabilized the Vps45 protein, which was reduced in the patients' leukocytes. Introduction of the corresponding mutation into yeast resulted in reduced cellular levels of Vps45 and also of the cognate syntaxin Tlg2, which is required for membrane traffic through the endosomal system. A defect in the endosomal-lysosomal pathway, the homologous system in humans, was suggested by the absence of lysosomes in the patients' fibroblasts and by the depletion of a granules in their platelets. Importantly, accelerated apoptosis was observed in the patients' neutrophils and bone marrow. This is the first report of a Vps45-related disease in humans, manifesting by neutropenia, thrombasthenia, myelofibrosis, and progressive bone marrow failure.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|