Juxtaposed to either or both ends of the proteasome core particle (CP) can exist a 19S regulatory particle (RP) that recognizes and prepares ubiquitinated proteins for proteolysis. RP triphosphatase proteins (Rpt1-Rpt6), which are critical for substrate translocation into the CP, bind chaperone-like proteins (Hsm3, Nas2, Nas6, and Rpn14) implicated in RP assembly. We used NMR and other biophysical methods to reveal that S. cerevisiae Rpt6's C-terminal domain undergoes dynamic helix-coil transitions enabled by helix-destabilizing glycines within its two most C-terminal a helices. Rpn14 binds selectively to Rpt6's four-helix bundle, with surprisingly high affinity. Loss of Rpt6's partially unfolded state by glycine substitution (Rpt6 G(360,387)A) disrupts holoenzyme formation in vitro, an effect enhanced by Rpn14. S. cerevisiae lacking Rpn14 and incorporating Rpt6 G(360,387)A demonstrate hallmarks of defective proteasome assembly and synthetic growth defects. Rpt4 and Rpt5 exhibit similar exchange, suggesting that conserved structural heterogeneity among Rpt proteins may facilitate RP-CP assembly.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|