Human Golgi-localized, gamma-ear-containing, ADP-ribosylation factor-binding proteins (Ggas) bind directly to acidic dileucine sorting motifs in the cytosolic tails (C-tails) of intracellular receptors. Despite evidence for a role in recruiting ubiquitinated cargo, it remains unclear whether yeast Ggas also function by binding peptide-sorting signals directly. Two-hybrid analysis shows that the Gga1p and Gga2p Vps27, Hrs, Stam (VHS) domains both bind a site in the Kex2p C-tail and that the Gga2p VHS domain binds a site in the Vps10p C-tail. Binding requires deletion of an apparently autoinhibitory sequence in the Gga2p hinge. Ser(780) in the Kex2p C-tail is crucial for binding: an Ala substitution blocks but an Asp substitution permits binding. Biochemical assays using purified Gga2p VHS-GGA and TOM1 (GAT) and glutathione S-transferase-Kex2p C-tail fusions show that Gga2p binds directly to the Kex2p C-tail, with relative affinities Asp(780) > Ser(780) > Ala(780). Affinity-purified antibody against a peptide containing phospho-Ser-(780) recognizes wild-type Kex2p but not S(780)A Kex2p, showing that Ser(780) is phosphorylated in vivo; phosphorylation of Ser(780) is up-regulated by cell wall-damaging drugs. Finally, mutation of Ser(780) alters trafficking of Kex2p both in vivo and in cell-free trans-Golgi network (TGN)-prevacuolar compartment (PVC) transport. Thus yeast Gga adaptors facilitate TGN-PVC transport by direct binding of noncanonical phosphoregulated Gga-binding sites in cargo molecules.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|