Reference: Arai C, et al. (2013) Clearance of yeast prions by misfolded multi-transmembrane proteins. Biochimie 95(6):1223-32

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Abstract

Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induces the stress response to protect cells against toxicity by the unfolded protein response (UPR), heat shock response (HSR), and ER-associated degradation pathways. Here, we found that over-production of C-terminally truncated multi-transmembrane (MTM) mutant proteins triggers HSR, but not UPR, and clearance of yeast prions [PSI(+)] and [URE3]. One of the mutant MTM proteins, Dip5?C-v82, produces a disabled amino-acid permease. Fluorescence microscopy analysis revealed abnormal accumulation of Dip5?C-v82 in the ER. Importantly, the mutant defective in the GET pathway, which functions for ER membrane insertion of tail-anchored proteins, failed to translocate Dip5?C-v82 to the ER and disabled Dip5?C-v82-mediated prion clearance. These findings suggest that the GET pathway plays a pivotal role in quality assurance of MTM proteins, and entraps misfolded MTM proteins into ER compartments, leading to loss-of-prion through a yet undefined mechanism.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Arai C, Kurahashi H, Ishiwata M, Oishi K, Nakamura Y
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