Accumulation of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induces the stress response to protect cells against toxicity by the unfolded protein response (UPR), heat shock response (HSR), and ER-associated degradation pathways. Here, we found that over-production of C-terminally truncated multi-transmembrane (MTM) mutant proteins triggers HSR, but not UPR, and clearance of yeast prions [PSI(+)] and [URE3]. One of the mutant MTM proteins, Dip5?C-v82, produces a disabled amino-acid permease. Fluorescence microscopy analysis revealed abnormal accumulation of Dip5?C-v82 in the ER. Importantly, the mutant defective in the GET pathway, which functions for ER membrane insertion of tail-anchored proteins, failed to translocate Dip5?C-v82 to the ER and disabled Dip5?C-v82-mediated prion clearance. These findings suggest that the GET pathway plays a pivotal role in quality assurance of MTM proteins, and entraps misfolded MTM proteins into ER compartments, leading to loss-of-prion through a yet undefined mechanism.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|