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Reference: Oromendia AB, et al. (2012) Aneuploidy causes proteotoxic stress in yeast. Genes Dev 26(24):2696-708

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Abstract


Gains or losses of entire chromosomes lead to aneuploidy, a condition tolerated poorly in all eukaryotes analyzed to date. How aneuploidy affects organismal and cellular physiology is poorly understood. We found that aneuploid budding yeast cells are under proteotoxic stress. Aneuploid strains are prone to aggregation of endogenous proteins as well as of ectopically expressed hard-to-fold proteins such as those containing polyglutamine (polyQ) stretches. Protein aggregate formation in aneuploid yeast strains is likely due to limiting protein quality-control systems, since the proteasome and at least one chaperone family, Hsp90, are compromised in many aneuploid strains. The link between aneuploidy and the formation and persistence of protein aggregates could have important implications for diseases such as cancer and neurodegeneration.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
Authors
Oromendia AB, Dodgson SE, Amon A
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