Reference: Caparros-Martin JA, et al. (2013) HAD hydrolase function unveiled by substrate screening: enzymatic characterization of Arabidopsis thaliana subclass I phosphosugar phosphatase AtSgpp. Planta 237(4):943-54

Reference Help

Abstract

This work presents the isolation and the biochemical characterization of the Arabidopsis thaliana gene AtSgpp. This gene shows homology with the Arabidopsis low molecular weight phosphatases AtGpp1 and AtGpp2 and the yeast counterpart GPP1 and GPP2, which have a high specificity for DL-glycerol-3-phosphate. In addition, it exhibits homology with DOG1 and DOG2 that dephosphorylate 2-deoxy-D-glucose-6-phosphate. Using a comparative genomic approach, we identified the AtSgpp gene as a conceptual translated haloacid dehalogenase-like hydrolase HAD protein. AtSgpp (locus tag At2g38740), encodes a protein with a predicted Mw of 26.7 kDa and a pI of 4.6. Its sequence motifs and expected structure revealed that AtSgpp belongs to the HAD hydrolases subfamily I, with the C1-type cap domain. In the presence of Mg(2+) ions, the enzyme has a phosphatase activity over a wide range of phosphosugars substrates (pH optima at 7.0 and K m in the range of 3.6-7.7 mM). AtSgpp promiscuity is preferentially detectable on D-ribose-5-phosphate, 2-deoxy-D-ribose-5-phosphate, 2-deoxy-D-glucose-6-phosphate, D-mannose-6-phosphate, D-fructose-1-phosphate, D-glucose-6-phosphate, DL-glycerol-3-phosphate, and D-fructose-6-phosphate, as substrates. AtSgpp is ubiquitously expressed throughout development in most plant organs, mainly in sepal and guard cell. Interestingly, expression is affected by abiotic and biotic stresses, being the greatest under Pi starvation and cyclopentenone oxylipins induction. Based on both, substrate lax specificity and gene expression, the physiological function of AtSgpp in housekeeping detoxification, modulation of sugar-phosphate balance and Pi homeostasis, is provisionally assigned.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Caparros-Martin JA, McCarthy-Suarez I, Culianez-Macia FA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference