Lodgepole wood chips were pretreated by sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocelluloses (SPORL) at 25% solids loading and 180 degrees C for 20min with sulfuric acid and sodium bisulfite charges of 2.2 and 8wt/wt% on an oven-dry wood basis, respectively. The pretreated wood chips were disk-milled with pretreatment spent liquor and water, and the solid fraction was separated from the liquor stream. The liquor was neutralized and concentrated through vacuum evaporation. Quasi-simultaneous enzymatic saccharification of the cellulosic solids and combined fermentation with the concentrated liquor was conducted at up to 20% total solids loading. Fed-batching of the solids facilitated liquefaction and saccharification, as well as managing instantaneous inhibitor concentrations. At a commercial cellulase (CTec2) loading of only 9 FPU or 0.06mL/g untreated wood, a maximum ethanol titer of 47.4g/L was achieved, resulting in a calculated yield of 285L/tonne of wood using Saccharomyces cerevisiae YRH400 at 35 degrees C and pH 5.5.CI - Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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